01 Jun

Hippocampus reidi

Longsnout seahorse, Slender seahorse, Brazilian seahorse.

Environment: Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 55 m (Ref. 30915). Subtropical; 29°N - 25°S, 133°W - 40°W

Distribution Countries - Western Atlantic: North Carolina in USA, Bermuda and Bahamas to Santa Catarina, Brazil.

International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Max length : 17.5 cm.

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics - Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-19.

Uncommon in most areas, but may be locally common in certain places. Usually attached to gorgonians or seagrasses but may occur in floating Sargassum or swimming freely in midwater.

Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.
Breeding season more than 8 months; gestation period 2 weeks, depending on water temperature; young approximately 7 mm at birth; pair-bonded in wild. Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic.

IUCN Red List Status - Near Threatened (NT) (A2d+4d); Date assessed: 04 October 2016

CITES Appendix II: International trade monitored

Threat to humans - Harmless

Human uses - Fisheries: minor commercial


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